Fertilizers and Soil Treatment – Planten En Bloemen http://www.plantenenbloemen.com/ Thu, 06 Jan 2022 07:14:23 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/plantenenbloemen-150x150.png Fertilizers and Soil Treatment – Planten En Bloemen http://www.plantenenbloemen.com/ 32 32 Growing algae outside wastewater https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/growing-algae-outside-wastewater/ Thu, 06 Jan 2022 02:17:40 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/growing-algae-outside-wastewater/

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Cultivation of algae in wastewater has been a hot topic in research for years. For decades, press articles have praised the latest research as bringing us within reach of new sources of fertilizers or more environmentally friendly biofuels.

So far, however, those promises have not been kept. One of the reasons is that algae grown in wastewater tends to be contaminated. But even if that were not the case, it is not clear that the applications for algae that were imagined in the lab would be the most realistic applications outside the lab.

In a lab, however, at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis, researchers had applications in mind when they developed a new method for using nutrients recovered from wastewater to grow. algae that is more than twice as pure as cultivated algae. directly into conventional wastewater.

The research was published online late last year in the journal Water research.

Zhen (Jason) He, professor of energy, environmental and chemical engineering, said the problem starts with the quality of algae we are currently getting from sewage.

“Gas prices may seem expensive, but it’s still relatively cheap in the United States,” he said. On the price side, biofuels from algae grown in wastewater simply cannot compete.

One of the reasons that growing algae in this way is so expensive is because of the quality control.

Algae can grow in wastewater because of the nutrients in it; one person’s waste is food for another algae. Nitrogen, phosphorus, dissolved organic carbon: these by-products of our waste are the nutrients that algae need to develop.

Not surprisingly, however, when you try to grow algae in sewage, “what you get is messy,” he said. “It’s wastewater. Yes, you get algae. You also get bacteria. Everything will grow there. Thus, the algae biomass cultivated in the wastewater has a low value, which reduces the overall economic profit.

Reverse the process

He and his team have devised a way to reverse the process, bringing nutrients from the wastewater to the algae, rather than putting algae in the wastewater. The process relies on a microbial electrochemical system developed in He’s laboratory.

Through this system, he and his team were able to use bioelectricity to extract nutrients and then bring them to the algae, nourishing them more efficiently and leading to purer algal biomass.

To test its purity, He’s team collected wastewater from the University of Washington food service; in half of the sample they added algae. In the other half, they used He’s sewage treatment system to extract nutrients from the sewage, which they then used to feed the algae.

Then, they measured the purity of the resulting algal biomass.

Algae fed with extracted nutrients consisted of over 90% algae. When the algae were grown in the wastewater, the resulting biomass was only 32% algae. “It was almost 70% bacteria,” he said.

Being able to produce such pure algae opens the door to applications he already knows are in demand. For example, some algae can synthesize secondary chemicals, some of which are used in food supplements, such as antioxidants, or certain pigments, or even bioactive compounds used in pharmaceuticals. Fuzhong Zhang, also a professor of energy, environmental and chemical engineering, who was part of the research team, specializes in the genetic engineering of microorganisms that produce certain compounds.

Eventually, these algae could be used to synthesize certain compounds in a biorefinery, such as an oil refinery where petroleum (crude oil) is transformed into gasoline and other useful products, but without the same dangerous repercussions for the environment.

First, however, he is determined to increase the purity of the algal biomass he can produce. “I want 95% or 98% algae,” he said. Then, it will investigate the most favorable conditions for particular algae to determine which might be the most economically viable compound to produce.

It is important to note that any technology developed will be applicable not only to University of Washington wastewater, but municipal wastewater almost anywhere in the world.

“Municipal wastewater is similar everywhere,” he said. “Wastewater in Europe is the same as wastewater in Los Angeles. And you want to develop something where people in other places can say, “It can work here. “

Study confirms the cleaning capacity of microalgae in wastewater treatment

More information:

Zixuan Wang et al, Improved Culture of Microalgae Using Nutrients from Wastewater Extracted by Microbial Electrochemical System, Water research (2021). DOI: 10.1016 / j.watres.2021.117722

Provided by
Washington University at St. Louis

Cultivation of algae outside wastewater (2022, 5 January)
retrieved January 5, 2022
from https://phys.org/news/2022-01-algae-wastewater.html

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Unemployment rate shows continuous improvement in Robeson County https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/unemployment-rate-shows-continuous-improvement-in-robeson-county/ Mon, 03 Jan 2022 20:06:00 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/unemployment-rate-shows-continuous-improvement-in-robeson-county/

CANDEUR – Mountaire Farms recently hosted its annual West End Top Farmers Banquet to honor family farmers who are animal production superstars.

With over 500 contract growers in 17 North Carolina counties, this event paid tribute to all the hardworking men and women who help Mountaire feed the world.

The company awarded the “Best Producer” awards to farmers who consistently outperform all others. Six are selected from producers who raise chicken for the company’s Lumber Bridge processing plant, and six are selected from producers who raise chicken for the company’s Siler City processing plant.

Top growers for Mountaire in 2021 include:

– Terry & Sally Farm, owned by Terry Locklear, located in Robeson County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since August 2005.

– Clucka Berry Farm, owned by Richard Barry, located in Dillon County, South Carolina, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since September 2019.

– Jerusalem Farm, owned by Colon Roberts, located in Bladen County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since August 2006.

– Foghorn Farm, owned by Kendrick Eason, located in Bladen County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since August 2015.

– Smyrna Farm, owned by Wang Xiong, located in the county of Scotland, who has been a contract grower of Mountaire Farms since October 2007.

– Bethlehem Farm, owned by Colon Roberts, located in Bladen County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since November 2018.

– Valley View Farm, owned by Richard Craig Macon, located in Randolph County, who has been contract grower for Mountaire Farms since March 2012.

– Pat Street Farm, owned by Pat Street, Chatham County, which has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since July 1989.

– Tony Harris Farm, owned by Tony Harris, located in Moore County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since March 2022.

– Hillside Roost Farm, owned by Justin Brooks, located in Chatham County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since July 2013.

– Asbill Farm, owned by Darren Asbill, located in Randolph County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since June 2016.

– Jay Simpson Farm, owned by Jay Simpson, located in Randolph County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since June 1996.

The company also presented an “Environmental Stewardship Award” to a Robeson County grower for promoting sustainable practices and conserving natural resources. This year’s winner was Shu Zhen Zheng of Song Farm, who has been a producer at Mountaire since September 2019. Jackie Lou received the award on behalf of Zheng. Zheng has invested $ 4.5 million in 8,000 solar panels on 4 acres of land, which is expected to cover the farm’s total electrical costs by summer 2022.

“Some growers just got it, and Mr. Zheng is one of those growers,” said Jim Shepard, vice president of live operations for Mountaire Farms. “He proves that renewable energy is a viable option for poultry farmers, and his attention to detail on his farm is exemplary. He works hard to maintain the roads on his property, so his land is not only beautiful, but it’s also safer for our food delivery drivers.

The Mountaire “Ambassador Award” is presented to the contract grower who has done an exceptional job representing the culture of Mountaire Farms within the community. This year’s award went to Russell and Charles Caudill, co-owners of C&R Caudill Farm. The Caudhills have been the producer of Mountaire for 34 years. He is a mentor to many other farmers in the area and works closely with the US military at Fort Bragg.

“There isn’t a better cheerleader for Mountaire in the community, and we’re lucky to have her on our team,” said Mirande. “His years of knowledge and experience are an invaluable resource for other producers in his community.

The company also honors those producers who have made the most improvements and who have shown dedication to becoming a better poultry keeper.

This year’s Most Improved Producers include:

– Bonnie’s Poultry, Lacy Cummings, Robeson County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since September 2005.

– SK Farm, Steve Nguyen, County of Scotland, who has been contract grower for Mountaire Farms since July 2018.

– Triple C Farm, Travis Cox, Randolph County, who has been a contract grower for Mountaire Farms since May 2012.

– Southern Pride, Sheila McInnis, Richmond County, who has been a contract producer since February 2011.

– Cherokee 1, Charles Smith, Hoke County, who has been a contract producer since September 2003.

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A GROWING CONCERN: start your year and garden on the right foot https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/a-growing-concern-start-your-year-and-garden-on-the-right-foot/ Sun, 02 Jan 2022 09:30:00 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/a-growing-concern-start-your-year-and-garden-on-the-right-foot/

WOW! WHAT IS A end of year ! Large amounts of snow over several days, over the week actually, and then the accompanying cold – very cold weather put an end to this wild year.

Well, the good news is that these two have arrived in perfect order. For you see, the rugged amounts of snow accumulated at sufficient depth all over the Olympic Peninsula, which in turn actually isolated the ground.

This snow cover also traps heat from the ground, making the ground surface warmer than it would have been with freezing temperatures and no snow cover. In short, a white Christmas that covered our gardens against the severe cold… Happy New Year!

However, all may not be well in Camelot as many of you have had heavy snowfall in amounts of more than a foot on your yard and landscape.

Some of that heavy snow actually broke limbs or branches!

Make sure to cut them clean and underneath any damage, chips or long lasting cracks caused by snowfall.

Some of your plants may be crushed or weighed down by the abundant amounts of snow and may need to be tied up later this year to restore them to their proper size and shape.

Some of your plants like boxwood, spirea, cinquefoil, even rhododendrons, vibernos and some evergreen trees and ornamental shrubs can greatly benefit from a brushing, broom or gentle blowing of snow. .

Be very careful not to do this if the snow has thawed and then froze on the plants, as you will break last year’s growth.

Also, be very careful that it is not too cold, below 26 degrees, to do this. This too will cause the limbs to break as they are frozen and brittle.

The advantage of gently removing snow is that their shape will not warp due to the weight of the heavy, wet, slowly melting snow that presses on them and bends their branches. I mentioned being very careful, didn’t I?

Apart from these concerns, when the snow melts, now is a great time to toss some bone meal and wood ash or other fertilizer around your plants. The moisture will wash away in the soil as the days get longer.

As for your family farm, your orchard and other vines, canes, or edible plants (think rhubarb or asparagus) should now have a heavy lime treatment. This will significantly increase their yield this year. In winter, it will take a few months to change the soil pH, so now is a great time as our soils here are acidic, but these plants want near alkaline conditions.

However, do not file your blueberries, raspberries, strawberries or blackberries. These plants want acidic soil, so get some fertilizer specifically for them. Your rhododendrons and azaleas also thrive in acidic conditions, just like your camellias and hydrangeas, so take the opportunity to give them an attractive fertilizer for flowering.

I know your rhododendrons would need iron treatment as well, as we are so lacking here on the Peninsula of available iron. Lack of iron is the reason they are yellowish, not dark green, so fix it now.

In addition to that, pay attention to the problems of puddles when the snow melts. It will be a great opportunity for you to correct these problems by filling in low points, digging a channel, installing a drainage pipe or tilting the ground.

A new year brings you this new opportunity so why not use it?

Happy New Year everyone and please, please, be well!


Andrew May is a freelance writer and ornamental horticulturalist who dreams of having Clallam and Jefferson counties nationally recognized as “Flower Peninsula USA”. Send him questions c / o Peninsula Daily News, PO Box 1330, Port Angeles, WA 98362, or email [email protected] (object: Andrew May).

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Wider testing for ‘forever chemicals’ to step up in new year https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/wider-testing-for-forever-chemicals-to-step-up-in-new-year/ Fri, 31 Dec 2021 12:44:41 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/wider-testing-for-forever-chemicals-to-step-up-in-new-year/

FAIRFIELD – State agencies investigating the growing prevalence of ‘forever chemicals’ face a daunting task in the New Year as they seek to expand testing in a growing number of Maine cities and across the country. animals that roam in areas of known contamination.

The chemicals investigation has grown exponentially over the past year, from a concern in isolated areas to a statewide priority plunging into the contamination of water, soil, animals and more.

Fairfield has been identified as a hotspot, the result of farmers using sludge from paper mills and municipal processing plants to fertilize their fields. Investigators were taken to a Fairfield dairy farm in 2020 after a random sample of milk found high levels of chemicals, known as PFAS, or per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances.

The Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife issued a no-eat advisory for deer in the Fairfield area in November after finding a few with PFAS levels so high their venison shouldn’t be eaten more than three times a year. And subsequently, PFAS were found in chicken eggs in the area.

Even before the findings, inspectors had found the chemicals in the fish in the Fairfield fish ponds off Industrial Drive and placed signs saying the fish should not be eaten.

As for next year, wildlife testing will include turkeys in the Fairfield area and additional testing on deer, and possibly other waterfowl, said Mark Latti, communications director on inland fisheries and wildlife.

“We have had preliminary discussions on how this will be conducted, but we have yet to work out the details,” Latti said.

The first priority will be turkeys as the hunting season for them begins in May. The goal is to complete testing before the hunting season for each animal, Latti said. A key aspect of testing will be to ensure that the animals tested have not wandered outside their home range.

The legislator responds

PFAS are a group of man-made chemicals that were first created in the 1940s. Both oil and water resistant, the chemicals have been used in a variety of products, from packaging to packaging. food with fire-fighting foam. But chemicals are linked to a variety of health issues in people, and they don’t break down in the environment or in the body, which is why they’re known as chemicals forever.

PFAS contamination in Maine has been linked to land application of sludge, a by-product of wastewater treatment. Sludge has been used as an alternative to fertilizer since the 1970s. Sludge is still prevalent today, but must meet testing levels for PFAS, according to David Madore, communications director for the Department of Environmental Protection. from Maine. When not spread on the ground, sludge is landfilled or turned into compost.

But even though the sludge used today does not contain PFAS, the state is still working to determine the extent of the contamination across the state.

For residents of Fairfield, after the chemicals first appeared on the Ohio Hill Road dairy farm, they were later detected in private wells that many residents use for water.

At the start of 2021, the DEP’s investigation was limited to Fairfield and had identified 29 contaminated wells. At the end of the year, the investigation found 194 Fairfield wells with PFAS levels above the new legal limit for water, and the investigation expanded to include neighboring areas of Benton, Oakland and Unity Township.

As it became clear that contamination is a problem statewide, the legislature responded by passing a number of PFAS related bills.

A major element was to establish a lower legal limit for PFAS in drinking water. Before the bill was passed, DEP used the Federal Environmental Protection Agency’s health notice for PFAS in drinking water – 70 parts per trillion. But the new limit lowered it to 20 parts per trillion.

When the DEP finds a well that has contamination above the legal limit, it provides the household with bottled water to drink until a carbon filtration system can be installed and tested. The department has so far installed around 160 filtering systems.

Prioritize testing

In the new year, testing will not focus solely on the Fairfield area, as a number of towns in central Maine can expect DEP inspectors to stop.

Legislation passed over the summer required that every sludge spreading site be tested for contamination. But the timeline is still pending.

The department has released a list of cities in the state that will be the first priority for testing in the coming months. But there is no finalized timeline for testing yet, Madore said.

“The DEP prioritizes all sites where the application of sewage treatment plant sludge has occurred in Maine at four levels (Levels I, II, III and IV) to designate the approximate schedule for sampling, ”Madore said via email. “The sites are ranked in order of priority based on several criteria, including the volume of land applied, the fact that several generators used a site, the type of wastewater and the proximity of the site to the water supply. “

Level 1 sites are places where at least 10,000 cubic meters of sludge has been spread, where houses are within half a mile of the sludge, and where PFAS is likely to have been in the sludge, based on ratings from known sources.

The towns in central Maine on this list are Albion, Canaan, Sidney, Skowhegan, Thorndike, and Unity.

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Nearly $ 570,000 in state funding awarded to protect Chester County waterways – Daily Local https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/nearly-570000-in-state-funding-awarded-to-protect-chester-county-waterways-daily-local/ Wed, 29 Dec 2021 19:48:35 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/nearly-570000-in-state-funding-awarded-to-protect-chester-county-waterways-daily-local/

WEST CHESTER – The Chester County Conservation District will receive nearly $ 570,000 in state grants to improve the health of local streams, rivers and lakes by reducing nutrient and sediment pollution.

The funds are part of a total grant of $ 17.4 million given to projects in 33 counties of the Chesapeake Bay watershed to implement county-wide action plan projects and verify best practices in pollution reduction management.

“These investments are important to building on our continued success in managing and containing the impacts of agricultural runoff, a major non-point source of pollution to our streams, rivers and lakes,” said State Representative Carolyn Comitta , which sits in the Environmental Senate. Resources and Energy Commission. “By working with Pennsylvania communities and farmers, municipalities, businesses and other landowners, we can better protect our environmental health, our public health, and our economic health from pollution. “

Pennsylvania’s share of the Chesapeake Bay watershed spans half of the state and includes more than 12,000 miles of polluted streams and rivers. Pollution by nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) and eroded sediments enter streams, rivers and lakes due to human activities widely dispersed on the soil, such as using too much fertilizer , plowing and plowing agricultural fields, removing trees and vegetation, and expanding concrete and paving areas.

The funding is intended to allow county teams and partners to build on Pennsylvania’s record-breaking progress in the watershed. It includes $ 15 million from the Pennsylvania Environmental Stewardship Fund, primarily the Growing Greener program, and $ 2.4 million from the EPA.

“Pennsylvania has started to make real change to improve the health of the watershed, directly through the hard work of county-level teams of government, nonprofit and private sector partners,” Governor Wolf said. . “It is crucial that their unprecedented momentum is backed by broad support. Their actions will benefit our drinking water, protect the long-term viability of our farms and the outdoor recreation economy, and help our communities reduce flooding and attract businesses.

“With 26 counties making plans this year, the 34 counties that were asked to develop county-wide action plans to reduce nutrient and sediment pollution have now completed them,” the secretary said. from the Department of Environmental Protection, Patrick McDonnell. “Reaching this exciting milestone is a testament to the growing understanding among landowners and community leaders of the value of healthy aquatic ecosystems to the quality of life and livelihoods of Pennsylvanians. DEP is committed to supporting these local partnerships as they now continue with action.

Nitrogen runoff pollution was reduced by more than 4 million pounds in 2020, with half of the reduction coming from agriculture and the other half from the wastewater treatment sector. In addition, over half a million acres of cropland complied with nutrient and manure management practices last year.

Farmers used improved nutrient management on more than 305,500 acres of cropland in 2020. Going beyond standard nutrient management, this approach applies fertilizers in a 4R approach: at the right time, at the right time. right source, in the right place and at the right rate.

“Increasingly, farmers recognize that the soil, nitrogen and phosphorus flowing from the land into waterways is a symptom of a farm operation that is below peak efficiency. For many, the pandemic has underscored the importance of ensuring the future viability of their farms, which today requires the management of their soil and water, ”Agriculture Department Secretary Russell Redding said. .

In addition, last year more than 17 miles of streams were fully restored and tens of thousands of trees were planted, many through programs from the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. and the Chesapeake Bay Foundation.

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If people don’t cooperate, we can’t save Dal Lake: Ghazala Abdullah https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/if-people-dont-cooperate-we-cant-save-dal-lake-ghazala-abdullah/ Mon, 27 Dec 2021 18:57:30 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/if-people-dont-cooperate-we-cant-save-dal-lake-ghazala-abdullah/

The J&K Lakes Conservation & Management Authority (LC&MA), formerly LAWDA, works beyond extracting unwanted lilies and weeds from the famous Dal and Nigeen Lakes in order to preserve their aesthetics. Both lakes have huge watersheds in the vicinity from which silt flows directly into which however has been a major concern for the department. In this regard, the LC&MA formed a few years ago an exclusive division to de-silt water bodies and launched several key measures on scientific grounds.

Rising Kashmir City Correspondent Irfan A Mir speak with Project Officer, Watershed Management Division, LC&MA, Ghazala Abdullah on actions taken by the division under his leadership. Here are excerpts from the interview.

Rising Kashmir (RK): Tell us about the purpose of the execution of the Watershed Management Division? And when was it formed?

Ghazala Abdallah (GA): It was in 2001 when J&K Lakes Conservation & Management Authority (LC&MA) formed the Watershed Management Division to deal with emerging watershed issues and resolve them within the necessary resources available. Most people don’t know how we work. Dal and its watersheds are shaped like a bowl. Once there is rainfall, all the runoff and other waste from the landmass flows directly into the Dal, which becomes a reason why the water body is muddy and blocked in many places. .

RK: How big is your division dealing with Dal?

Georgia: Dal Lake has an area of ​​approximately 25 km² while its watershed covers 337 km². The watershed is a vast territory and its maintenance is a Herculean task. If we manage and take good care of its watershed, this obviously means that we take care of the aesthetics of Dal Lake.

RK: What are your measurements aimed at?

Georgia: We take several measures which include vegetative measures and engineering measures. The only objective is to block soil degradation, improve water quality and improve soil productivity. We try to our best to meet these motivations.

RK: Tell us about vegetative measures. How does this help to uncover the silt in the Dal?

Georgia: As part of vegetative measures, we mainly carry out plantings in all catchment areas which include Dignibal, Hadura, Bakura, Takya-Sangrishi, Astanmarg Dara, Khimber, Charidalaw, Brein Astanpur and Sharisbal. Our division has planted 62,000 saplings which include black locust, wild apricot and others to stop soil erosion. It helps us a lot in reducing soil degradation. We mainly start planting in autumn (November – December) and spring (March – April).

Over the next year, the watershed division will plant more than one lake of trees to consolidate the soil surface. We have planted in the areas of Nalla Amir Khan, Foreshore Road and Telbal Settlement Basin and in the coming times we will also address the unplanted areas there so that the land mass near the water body is protected and reinforced.

RK: Elaborate the steps you have taken in the catchment areas? And how do people lend their response?

Georgia: In addition to planting, we distributed several kinds of seeds to people living in the watersheds. We provide them with seeds for free. In addition, we organize awareness programs there to make them aware of their interest in cleaning Dal Lake from silt and other waste. We convince the inhabitants to plant trees on their premises, which is however beneficial both for the inhabitants of the watersheds and for the department. They are the stakeholders in the conservation of Dal Lake. The distribution of seeds and awareness programs have strongly influenced them and to make them aware of their role. So far we have received good responses from them. Even now, they keep LC&MA informed of emergencies if they occur in catchment areas.

RK: What about the awareness programs carried out in the watersheds?

Georgia: From 2019 to 2020, we conducted 37 awareness meetings in all catchment areas. The main objective was to educate the masses to stop using chemicals and fertilizers and switch to organic farming. In this regard, we have received the submission from the other end with passion. We dug 18 compost pits as part of a pilot project in the Dignibal region to which people expressed their good response. In 2022, the Watershed Management Division will dig more than 206 compost pits. People have started to throw their kitchen waste in these pits which turn into organic form after a while. In this way, the inhabitants use it as a fertilizer in their vegetable gardens.

RK: What measures do you take within the framework of engineering measures?

Georgia: As part of this concept, we use bulk dams (LBCD) and gabion dams (GCD) along the Nalla. LBCD is typically used to stabilize nascent and small gullies and branch gullies of a continuous network of gullies or gullies. In addition, we place Gabion Control Dams (GCD). These are small barriers made up of a series of gabion baskets tied together to form a flexible row that acts to slow the flow of water through drainage ditches or stormwater runoff channels. Their main objective is to stop soil degradation in watersheds. Once we build gabion dams, they stabilize soil degradation to a very high level and help control silt. Additionally, it helps protect the surrounding landmass. In this way, it reduces the sediment loading rate and nutrient loading rate of the watershed and prevents it from flowing into Dal Lake. We want to improve the aesthetics of Dal Lake by these measures.

RK: Do you have other measures in place to improve water quality and soil degradation?

Georgia: Recently, we started the construction of Contour trenches. We have mostly rocky areas where the ground stays dry. Contour trenches are ditches dug along a hill in such a way that they follow a contour and are perpendicular to the flow of water. The excavated soil from the ditch is used to form a berm on the descending edge of the ditch. Once there is rainfall, it flows directly into these trenches, which stops soil erosion and strengthens the landmass. So far we are done with at least 10,000 of these trenches in Hadura, Dignibal and other watersheds. The result of these trenches is satisfactory. In addition, we place sacks of soil there. We put 50 kgs of earth in a bag and along these on the shores of Nalla. As our watershed is muddy, if we put rocks or any other concrete material in it, it will not hold up and cause a landslide afterwards. I can say that our efforts are linked to the participation of people. If they don’t help us and cooperate with us, we can’t save Dal Lake on our own.

RK: What about sanitation in watersheds?

Georgia: In the past, we have built dozens of public toilets in the watersheds. However, after improving the way of life of locals and taking advantage of other government funded programs, people built toilets in their own premises and homes. Currently, these toilets are rarely used by locals.

RK: Since 2001, it’s been over 21 years. How far did you manage to stop the silt in Dal Lake?

Georgia: Recently, a survey was carried out in which it appeared that our efforts have yielded good results. There has been a significant decrease in siltation in Dal Lake in recent years. The results encourage us to try harder in the future and we hope that the time is not far behind when much of the silt will be trapped in the watershed. The catchment area plays a major role everywhere. The more we focus on catchment, the more we will protect our water bodies.

RK: There are reports of encroachment in the watershed. What is your opinion ?

Georgia: Once we receive a report of any encroachment, our division instantly reports it to our Enforcement Wing who deals with the matter as required by law. They demolish the structures if that happens and file FIRs against those involved. Because of our awareness programs, people cooperate with us. They provide us with information regarding such encroachment, which shows that they are also concerned about the conservation of Dal Lake.

RK: You planted saplings in the upper reaches, but the lower regions become crowded, dumping all their solid and liquid waste into the local canals, which however reach Dal Lake. How do you see it?

Georgia: This is really a matter of concern for us. We have taken note of it. Although we are taking action in the upper stretches, in the last few years there has been a lot of construction work done in the lower areas whose garbage and other materials flow into local canals and thus affect our Dal Lake. We have recommended to the government the construction of a few wastewater treatment plants (STP) in the catchment areas so that this waste can be stopped and treated. I hope the government will act on our suggestions.

RK: In the absence of a tangible mechanism, how is watershed waste currently treated?

Georgia: The catchment area is outside the domain of SMC. There are few areas where you can observe tons of garbage collected in the open. In the past, we have asked the authorities to send their vehicles once a week for garbage and other waste collection, but no action is taken on the other side. Nevertheless, we reiterate our call to the higher authorities to put in place a mechanism for collecting garbage in the watersheds.

RK: Your message to people?

Georgia: Our watershed is vast. If we maintain it, we will maintain our Dal Lake. People living in the watershed and surrounding areas of Dal Lake should refrain from dumping waste into water bodies. It belongs to everyone and affects everyone, if it is not taken care of. Our division will discuss again with higher authorities including the Srinagar Municipal Corporation (SMC) to send their vehicles once a week here and process tons of unattended waste. In addition, I am appealing to my people as a Divisional Forestry Officer, J&K Forest Department (as I am on delegation here) to plant more and more trees that will help us protect our environment.

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US Acids (Organic, Inorganic) Market Size, Share and Trend Analysis Report 2021 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/us-acids-organic-inorganic-market-size-share-and-trend-analysis-report-2021/ Thu, 23 Dec 2021 14:33:00 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/us-acids-organic-inorganic-market-size-share-and-trend-analysis-report-2021/

Dublin, December 23, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – The “US Acids Market Size, Share & Trend Analysis Report by Type (Organic, Inorganic) and Segment Forecast, 2021-2028” the report was added to ResearchAndMarkets.com offer.

The US acids market size is expected to reach USD 9.6 billion by 2028. The market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.4% from 2021 to 2028.

This growth is attributed to the increased scope of products in food and beverages. Another factor driving the market is the increasing use of the product in livestock feed to improve milk production in ruminants such as cows and sheep.

The inorganic acid market is growing at a significant rate due to the increasing consumption of fertilizers and agrochemicals in the agricultural industry. It is used in the production of paper and pulp for carbon dioxide generation, pH adjustments, and tall oil splitting. It is also used to make a protective layer on a metal part such as silver, aluminum, tin, steel and cadmium.

Organic acids are used in the agricultural system to improve soil, promote plant growth, and fight disease. It is also used to improve decomposition, increase the formation of humus in the soil, and release plant nutrients. In the personal care and cosmetic industry, it is used to adjust pH concentrations in products and remove dead cells.

It is used in anti-acne and anti-aging creams because it helps reduce wrinkles, reduce blemishes, even skin tone, and provide smooth skin texture. Its food and beverage demand is expected to increase due to its increasing penetration in the meat, poultry and seafood industries. This is expected to boost the demand for the products during the forecast period.

The majority of players operating in the development and advancement of acids are highly competitive, with the majority of companies focusing on the development of new products with green features and responding to a wider application market. These factors are expected to reflect substantial growth of butyric, malic and benzoic acids, among others in the market.

Highlights of the U.S. Acids Market Report

  • The market is expected to experience a significant revenue-based CAGR of 5.4% due to increasing product demand in several end-use industries such as animal feed, food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, and personal care .

  • Organic acids segment dominated the industry in 2020 with a revenue share of over 70.0%, considering the high demand for citric, acetic, formic, lactic, ascorbic, succinic, propionic and fumaric acids.

  • Inorganic acids are widely used in the agricultural sector with a percentage share of over 39% in 2020 due to the high demand in the production of agricultural pesticides

  • The strong presence of feed and food additive manufacturing companies, especially in developing economies, is expected to positively influence market demand.

Main topics covered:

Chapter 1. Methodology and scope

Chapter 2. Executive summary

Chapter 3. US Acids Market Variables, Trends and Scope
3.1 Market Lineage Outlook
3.1.1 Global Acids Market Outlook
3.2 Mapping of penetration and growth prospects
3.3 Industry Value Chain Analysis
3.3.1 Trends in commodities
3.3.2 Manufacturing trends
3.3.3 Analysis of sales channels
3.4 Price trend analysis, 2017 – 2028
3.5 Regulatory framework
3.6 Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
3.7 Market dynamics
3.8 U.S. Acids Market: Business Environment Analysis
3.9 US Acids Market: Macroeconomic Analysis

Chapter 4. United States Acids Market: Type Estimates and Trend Analysis
4.1 Market share and type movement analysis, 2020 and 2028
4.2 Market size and forecast and trend analysis, 2017 to 2028 for the following:
4.2.1 Organic US Organic Acids Market Estimates & Forecasts, 2017 – 2028 (Million Tons) (USD Billion) Personal and cosmetic care Food and beverages Pharmaceuticals Animal feed Manufacture of chemicals Agriculture Consumer goods Lubricants Others
4.2.2 Inorganic US Inorganic Acids Market Estimates & Forecasts, 2017-2028 (Million Tons) (USD Billion) Agriculture Paints and coatings Textiles Oil Metalworking Wastewater treatment Manufacture of chemicals Pulp and paper

Chapter 5. United States Acids Market: Competitive Analysis
5.1 Major global players and recent development
5.2 Supplier landscape
5.2.1 List of raw material suppliers
5.2.2 List of major manufacturers
5.2.3 List of potential end users
5.3 Competitive environment
5.4 Categorization of companies / competitions (key innovators, market leaders, emerging players)

Chapter 6. United States Acids Market: Company Profiles

For more information on this report, visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/8rz38z

CONTACT: CONTACT: ResearchAndMarkets.com Laura Wood, Senior Press Manager press@researchandmarkets.com For E.S.T Office Hours Call 1-917-300-0470 For U.S./CAN Toll Free Call 1-800-526-8630 For GMT Office Hours Call +353-1-416-8900
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NCDHHS Secretary Issues Secretariat Notice Urging Vaccination, Recalls Against COVID-19, Omicron Variant https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/ncdhhs-secretary-issues-secretariat-notice-urging-vaccination-recalls-against-covid-19-omicron-variant/ Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:19:40 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/ncdhhs-secretary-issues-secretariat-notice-urging-vaccination-recalls-against-covid-19-omicron-variant/

RALEIGH – North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Dr Mandy K. Cohen released a secretariat notice on Monday urging the public to take certain steps to prevent serious illness, hospitalizations and illnesses. deaths from COVID-19.

COVID-19 cases are increasing statewide due to the Delta variant, according to the advisory.

“The highly contagious variant, Omicron, is starting to spread rapidly and is expected to cause the highest rates of COVID-19 infections of the pandemic in the coming weeks,” according to the advisory. The Omicron variant is “two to three times more contagious than the Delta variant” and “four to six times more contagious than the original COVID-19 virus”.

“With the holidays approaching and people gathering, it is essential and urgent to act now to protect yourself and your family and friends. Vaccination and booster against COVID-19 remain the most effective ways for people to protect themselves against serious illness, hospitalization and death. The first evidence shows that boosters offer a significant level of protection against Omicron, ”says the advisory.

This winter and this holiday season, everyone should:

• Vaccinate and boost: Get vaccinated now, including a COVID-19 booster as soon as you are eligible. This is especially critical for people over 65, those with underlying health conditions, and healthcare workers. Moderna and Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines are the best choice for most people. Protective layer when getting a flu shot.

• Test: Take a COVID-19 test before joining indoor gatherings with others who are not in your household and before and after travel, regardless of your immunization status. Get tested if you have symptoms of COVID-19 or have been exposed to someone with COVID-19.

• Mask: Wear a face cover indoors in public, even if you are vaccinated. If possible, wear a medical grade mask for added protection (eg, surgical mask, procedure mask, KN95, N95).

Vacation trip

• Wear a mask when traveling. If possible, wear a medical grade mask.

• Get tested one to two days before and three to five days after your trip, and get fully immunized against COVID-19, including boosters, and the flu.

• Do not travel if you are not fully immunized and boosted. If you are traveling and are not fully vaccinated and boosted, in addition to testing, stay home and quarantine for a full seven days after travel, even if your test is negative.

• Follow CDC guidelines for travel during COVID-19 and NCDHHS guidelines for public transportation.

Gathering during the holidays

• Require that guests and family members be immunized and vaccinated if they are eligible prior to the event.

• Get tested a day or two before joining indoor gatherings with other people outside your household.

• Guests over 2 years of age who are not fully immunized should wear a mask and maintain a physical distance from others, especially when indoors. If possible, wear a medical grade mask.

Keep gatherings small and hold them outdoors, if possible.

• If you congregate indoors, use a space large enough to allow physical distancing. Increase outdoor air circulation by opening windows and doors. Follow the CDC’s advice on improving ventilation in your home.

• If you are sick or have symptoms, do not organize or attend a gathering. Get tested and seek treatment. More information about the treatment is available at https://covid19.ncdhhs.gov/treatment.

For more information on boosters and additional doses, visit the NCDHHS website. To find a location for vaccines or for more information on COVID-19 vaccines in North Carolina, visit MySpot.nc.gov or call the state’s COVID-19 Vaccine Help Center free of charge at 888-675-4567.

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The impact of nitrogen on carbon sequestration in soil – sciencedaily https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/the-impact-of-nitrogen-on-carbon-sequestration-in-soil-sciencedaily/ Sat, 18 Dec 2021 18:27:55 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/the-impact-of-nitrogen-on-carbon-sequestration-in-soil-sciencedaily/ Soil organic carbon is a cornerstone of soil health. It improves soil structure while increasing the capacity to retain water and nutrients, key factors for any agricultural production system. To build it, farmers incorporate crop residues into the soil.

So why, despite decades of residue inputs, is soil organic carbon declining in corn production systems? Short answer: it’s nitrogen.

“With intensive nitrogen fertilization, you can get more corn biomass and yield, which means you’ll end up putting more residue in the soil. But you can’t keep that carbon in the ground, ”says Richard Mulvaney, a professor in the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences (NRES) at the University of Illinois. “The nitrogen in the tailings stimulates microbes to burn carbon through respiration. So you can put more, but you can’t keep it.

The concept that nitrogen fertilization affects the decomposition of residues – and therefore the incorporation of residues into soil organic matter reserves – is not new. But previous studies have shown conflicting results. This is why Mulvaney and Tanjila Jesmin, PhD student at NRES, set out to clarify how residue quality and nitrogen form affect the decomposition of corn residue in typical Corn Belt soil.

Using historic plots in Morrow, Illinois, the team was able to test residue from corn grown with and without high nitrogen fertilization.

“We designed an aerobic incubation study, adding these two residues to a typical cultivated soil with or without two forms of nitrogen. We then observed the decomposition process by continuously measuring the production of carbon dioxide, as well as periodic measurements of enzyme activities and microbial biomass, ”explains Jesmin.

The researchers found that the presence of nitrogen – applied exogenously to the residue or already incorporated into growing corn tissue – accelerated the decomposition of the residue and produced more carbon dioxide. The form of nitrogen applied, potassium nitrate or ammonium sulfate, made no difference.

“The carbon in corn residue comes from the atmosphere and returns to the atmosphere when it decomposes. It’s not a problem, ”says Mulvaney. “The problem is, when microbes have a high nitrogen supply, they also have a high demand for carbon for energy. With high nitrogen levels, their demand can exceed the supply of carbon in the tailings, which can cause them to attack stable organic matter. And this is where the long term problem lies.

During the first month of incubation in the soil, carbon decomposition in the tailings was faster in the presence than in the absence of nitrogen fertilizer. However, carbon dioxide production in the second month was slower for fertilized soils than for unfertilized soils. At the end of the study, the total amount of carbon dioxide produced was higher with than without added nitrogen.

“It’s like burning leaves in the fall. You put more leaves on the fire and you get more flames. And so, with this added nitrogen, the residue goes faster at the start of incubation. Then the fire goes out because you have already burned the easily decomposable substrate. We get there earlier with nitrogen, ”he says.

The results explain why soil organic carbon fails to accumulate in high-yield corn fields and suggest that farmers should avoid excessive nitrogen inputs to maintain soil organic matter.

According to the researchers, other studies are underway to assess the effect of mineral nitrogen on the decomposition of residues in soils with contrasting characteristics.

“Because our incubation used only one type of soil, the results might not be valid everywhere. With soils of low native fertility, intensive fertilization is often effective in increasing carbon inputs from residues. We want to see if these inputs help build soil organic carbon, ”says Jesmin.

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Nitrogen Fertilizer Market Growth and Demand https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/nitrogen-fertilizer-market-growth-and-demand/ Fri, 17 Dec 2021 01:00:00 +0000 https://www.plantenenbloemen.com/nitrogen-fertilizer-market-growth-and-demand/

Pune, India, December 16, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – The world nitrogen fertilizer market the size is expected to reach $ 140.51 billion by the end of 2026. The massive investments in R&D products containing active ingredients will help the market growth. According to a report published by Fortune Business Insights, titled “Nitrogen Fertilizer Market Size, Industry Share and Analysis, By Type (Urea, Ammonium Calcium Nitrate, UAN, Ammonium Sulfate, and Other Nitrogen Fertilizers), By Crop Type (Cereals, Pulses, and Oilseeds , fruits and vegetables, and turf and ornamentals), and regional forecast, 2019 – 2026,”The market was worth USD 113.70 billion in 2018 and will display a CAGR of 2.73% during the forecast period, 2019-2026.

Nitrogen fertilizers are products made from a combination of substances that contain nitrogen. The ever increasing world population has created a subsequent demand for agricultural production across the world. Recent advances in agricultural activities will emerge in favor of companies operating in the market. The growing number of agricultural subsidies will bode well for nitrogen fertilizer vendors around the world. The ability of nitrogen fertilizers to improve the nutrient content of agricultural production will lead to wider adoption of the product across the world.

The increasing number of business collaborations will contribute to the growth of the market

The report encompasses several factors which have contributed to the growth of the market in recent years. The increasing number of mergers and acquisitions of companies has had a huge impact on the growth of the market. Considering the massive demand for crops and plant production across the world, large companies are looking to acquire smaller companies with the aim of establishing a strong position in the market. In November 2019, Nutrien Ltd. announced that it has completed the acquisition of Ruralco Holdings Ltd. Through this acquisition, the company plans to expand its existing line of nitrogen fertilizer products. Due to the company’s large global customer base, this acquisition will not only help the business grow, but will also have a huge impact on market growth in the years to come.

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Asia-Pacific has the highest market share; Growing demand for agricultural products will drive growth

The report analyzes current nitrogen fertilizer market trends in North America, Latin America, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa. Among these regions, the Asia-Pacific region market holds the highest market share, due to the huge demand for crop production in several countries in this region. Besides Asia-Pacific, the market in North America will experience considerable growth in the years to come. In 2018, the market in North America was worth 21.18 billion USD and this value is expected to increase further in the years to come.

Some of the companies that operate in the market include:

  • Yara International ASA
  • Nutrien Ltd.
  • EuroChem Group AG.
  • CF Industries Holdings Inc.
  • PJSC Togliattiazot
  • Koch Fertilizers, LLC
  • OIC nitrogen
  • Sinofert Holdings Limited
  • Coromandel International Ltd.
  • URALCHEM Holding Plc.

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Detailed table of contents:

  • introduction
    • Scope of research
    • Market segmentation
    • Research methodology
  • Summary
  • Market dynamics
    • Market factors
    • Market constraints
    • Market opportunities
  • Key ideas
    • Parent / Related Market Overview
    • Supply chain and regulatory analysis
    • SWOT Analysis of the Industry
    • Recent Industry Developments – Policies, Partnerships, New Product Launches, and Mergers and Acquisitions
  • Global Nitrogen Fertilizer Market Analysis, Outlook and Forecast, 2015-2026
    • Main conclusions / summary
    • Market Analysis, Information & Forecast – By Type
      • Urea
      • Ammonium and calcium nitrate
      • Ammonium nitrate
      • Ammonium sulphate
      • Other nitrogen fertilizers
    • Market analysis, information and forecasts – by crop type
      • Cereals
      • Oilseeds & Legumes
      • Fruits and vegetables
      • Lawn and ornamental plants
      • Others
    • Market Analysis, Information & Forecast – By Region
      • North America
      • Europe
      • Asia Pacific
      • South America
      • Middle East and Africa

COT continues…!

Industry Developments:

January 2018: Tata Chemicals announced that it has completed the sale of its urea fertilizer business unit to Yara Fertilizers India for an estimated amount of INR 2,682 crore.

Take a look at related research news:

Biofertilizers market COVID-19 Size, Sharing and Impact Analysis, by Type (Nitrogen Fixation, Phosphate Solubilizers and Others), Microorganism (Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, VAM and Others), Application (Treatment Seed, Soil Treatment and Others), Crop Type and Regional Forecast, 2020 – 2027

Urea Fertilizer Market Size, Share and Industry Analysis, by Product Type (Conventional Urea Fertilizer, Specialty Urea Fertilizer) and Regional Forecast, 2021-2028

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