Planten En Bloemen Tue, 20 Sep 2022 19:29:12 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Planten En Bloemen 32 32 Role of Chitosan and Chitosan-Based Nanomaterials in Plant Science: Nanomaterial-Plant Interactions – Physiological, Morphological, Biochemical, and Molecular Regulation – Tue, 20 Sep 2022 17:03:00 +0000

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The book “Role of Chitosan and Chitosan-Based Nanomaterials in Plant Sciences. Nanomaterial-Plant Interactions” from Elsevier Science and Technology has been added to from offer.

Role of chitosan and chitosan-based nanomaterials in plant science explores the physiological, morphological, biochemical and molecular regulation of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles in plants under normal conditions, as well as during different stresses, and their probable mechanism of operation in the tolerance mechanism.

The book stimulates further research in the field of chitosan and will spark new interests among researchers, scholars and scientists around the world. Nanotechnology is widely used in all scientific and technological disciplines, including plant sciences.

Chitosan has been widely reported as an organic compound beneficial for plant growth and development and it plays a protective role for plants against abiotic and biotic stresses. Yet, there are very few books available that deal exclusively with the impacts of chitosan- and chitosan-based nanoparticles on plants, respectively.

Main topics covered:

  1. Chitosan: An Introductory Overview

  2. Chitosan in agriculture: New issues and perspectives

  3. Synthesis of chitosan-based nanomaterials

  4. Synthesis, characterization and application of chitosan nanomaterials loaded with other metals/elements on the plant

  5. Properties and types of chitosan-based nanomaterials

  6. Biological activities of chitosan-based nanomaterials

  7. Current and future perspectives of chitosan-based nanomaterials in plant protection and growth

  8. Impact of Nano Chitosan-NPK Fertilizer on Field Crops

  9. Effect of chitosan nanoparticles on plant immune responses

  10. Role of chitosan nanoparticles as carrier systems of plant growth hormones

  11. Delivery systems based on chitosan nanoparticles for sustainable agriculture

  12. Impact of chitosan and its NPs on seed germination: probabilities and perspectives

  13. Impact of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles on plant growth and development

  14. Chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles on plant defensive genes: a systematic overview

  15. Role of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles against heavy metal stress in plants

  16. Influence of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles against salt stress in plants

  17. Role of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles in antioxidant regulation of plants

  18. Impact of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles on plant photosynthesis: an introductory overview

  19. Chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles induced modulations of physicochemical properties of defense and resistance responses in plants

  20. Impact of Chitosan and Chitosan-based nanoparticles on the regulation of plant hormones: Tracks and Applications

  21. Impacts of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles on genetic transformation: an overview

  22. Role of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles in the administration of pesticides: leads and applications

  23. Chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles for ecological plant disease control: a concentric overview

  24. Chitosan and Chitosan-Based Nanoparticles in Horticulture: Past, Present, and Future Prospects

  25. Role of chitosan and chitosan-based nanoparticles on plant drought tolerance: probabilities and perspectives

For more information on this book, visit

]]> Major regeneration project unearths historic canal Tue, 20 Sep 2022 10:45:19 +0000

A canal that was paved over 70 years ago has been rediscovered as part of regeneration work in Cardiff city centre.

Seventy meters of the Dock Feeder Canal on Churchill Way, which was built in the late 19th century to provide a constant supply of water to the docks in Bute, will be ‘daylit’ for the scheme, which will see the construction of two pedestrian walkways, a cantilevered stage, and rain gardens to manage surface water drainage, among other structures.

The project, valued at £6million, was designed by Atkins engineering firms – appointed by Cardiff Council – and is managed by Faithful + Gould. Knights Brown is involved in the construction.

Covered between 1948 and 1950, the canal will now be the centerpiece of a new sustainable urban district in the city center. The project, which began in February, will include new cycle paths, charging points for electric taxis and the renovation of existing highways.

It is part of a master plan to develop a new area in the city, linking Bridge Street, David Street, Charles Street, Tredegar Street, Guildford Crescent and Barrack Lane to develop a high density mixed use development, with houses , hotels, hospitality, quality offices, leisure units and retail.

Councilor Dan De’Ath, Cabinet Member for Strategic Planning and Transport at Cardiff Council, said: “The opening of the Quay Supply Canal and the new transport system will not only mark the start of a new district center for the city and will act as a catalyst for new investment, but it will play a vital role in managing traffic and surface water drainage in the city centre.

“A series of rain gardens will be constructed, with specific soil and plantings to treat surface water to remove pollutants before the water flows into the channel. This will ensure that 3,700 cubic meters of water will be diverted from the sewage system each year, reducing the cost and energy of treating this water at the Cardiff Bay sewage pumping station.

Yarbo All-in-One Garden Robot System Tue, 20 Sep 2022 00:10:35 +0000

Maintaining a garden or lawn involves a huge amount of work, requiring hours a month to be spent working in the dirt. Technological advancements are now changing this reality as an increasing number of smart lawn and garden care systems are coming to market, the latest of which is the Yarbo Yard All-in-One Robotic Yard Powered System. the AI.

While smart lawn mowers are nothing new, the Yarbo manages to raise the bar with a complete and highly modular lawn care system. Powered by a high-torque brushless motor and fitted with a reservoir-style rubber track that can traverse almost any terrain and climb slopes as steep as 68 degrees, the entire system is based on what is known as the Yarbo Body – a modular main device that can be combined with a variety of modules. This includes the Lawn Mower M1 module which features a 20 inch track, the Snow Blower S1 module which can clear up to one foot of snow and blow it up to 40 feet, and the Blower B1 module which can blow leaves and other lawn debris using 119 mph of air power.

Along with the trio of core modules, Yarbo also offers a host of other optional accessories and add-ons, such as a tow hitch that allows the Yarbo Body to pull a cultivator, lawn roller, lawn sweeper or a tug. dump cart. In addition to intelligent obstacle detection, the system also offers multi-zone management which allows the user to program paths with prohibited areas. Utilizing 4G LTE connectivity, the Yarbo system also has built-in anti-theft protection and comes complete with an RTK base station and docking station that the smart lawn gadget can fly into when it’s time to recharge. .

Having already exceeded its target goal more than 40 times, the Yarbo All-in-One Lawn Maintenance Robot System is currently available on Kickstarter with prices starting at $2,599 for the Yarbo Lawn Moder M1 and deliveries are expected. start in May 2023.

Startup: $2,599 and up

Photo: Yarbo

Yamunanagar: Sale, purchase of mining equipment from non-existent factories detected : The Tribune India Mon, 19 Sep 2022 02:54:00 +0000

Tribune press service

Shiv Kumar Sharma

Yamounanagar, September 18

The owners of several screening mills, which do not actually exist or have been idle for a long time in Yamunanagar district, allegedly showed fake sales and purchases of mining equipment. The record of these bogus transactions is created online using a Mineral Dealer’s License (MDL) connected to the state government’s e-Rawana portal.

Seven cases in one week

Seven cases of illegal mining involving owners of screening facilities were detected in one week. Two screening plants were found dismantled, while some were found non-functional. — Rajesh Sangwan, District Mining Officer

Loss to the Treasury

  • Online file being created regarding the sale, purchase of mining equipment by non-existent or non-functional screening plants
  • The records thus created are sold to stone crusher owners, who use them to pass off their illegally mined material as legally acquired stock.
  • These bogus transactions cause huge losses to the public treasury

These people would sell these (online-created) mining equipment sale/purchase documents to rock crusher owners who engage in illegal mining. They use these documents to pass off their illegally mined material as legally acquired stock.

Yamunanagar Department of Mines and Geology detected two instances of non-existent screening facilities in whose name online records regarding the sale and purchase of mining raw materials were being created.

According to sources, a screening plant was dismantled eight months ago, but its owners continued to create online materials related to the sale and purchase of mining equipment.

They created records showing the purchase of mining raw materials from a company between July 1 and September 15, but that company was actually non-functional during that time. The fabricated documents result in a loss of revenue for the public treasury.

District mining officer Rajesh Sangwan said he detected seven cases related to illegal mining involving the owners of seven screen mills in the past week. “We have already registered three FIRs and four more will be filed soon,” he said.

#illegal mining

Is there anything in the water? Hot Springs is a destination as wacky as it is luxurious | Entertainment/Life Sun, 18 Sep 2022 10:00:00 +0000

Colored lights pulsate to the rhythm of the slow, haunting swing of a Billie Holiday tune, their hues reflecting off a chorus line of intricately sculpted marionettes. The silver-haired bartender — at his post under a movie marquee — is as likely to ask for your zodiac sign as your drink order. Just beyond this unearthly watering hole known as Malco Lounge, a magic show is taking place.

No, it’s not a “Twin Peaks” release. It’s Friday night in the heart of downtown Hot Springs, Arkansas.

In this town of around 39,000, the 143-degree clean water that lures gangsters, ballplayers and movie stars to its sultry pools gets all the credit. But just beyond the facades of the grand seaside palaces that line its famed Bathhouse Row, “Spa City” becomes delightfully eerie, offering quirks and layers of history with excitement.

Visitors to Hot Springs, a road trip 370 miles north of Baton Rouge, will find a social calendar filled with crazy hat events, a main drag that oozes boardwalk kitsch, and local businesses embracing the vintage quirkiness of this resort town.

A recent boom in tourism has brought new dining and entertainment options, as well as the revival of retro accommodations, including motor hostels like the pink-neon Dame Fortune Cottage Court run by Andie Roberts.

“There’s been a lot of attention to preservation lately,” Roberts said. “You have a lot of artists, a lot of creativity. It has that funkiness of some big cities, like Austin or Portland, but in a small town.


Central Avenue winds through downtown Hot Springs, separating Bathhouse Row (left) and the state park behind it from the historic downtown (left).

Singular spa days

Arlington Hotel Hot Springs

A twin-tower version of the Arlington Hotel has overlooked downtown since 1875.

Start as Hot Springs itself began – with a bath like no other.

A dozen women wrapped in white sheets are waiting in a small locker room. One by one, they are dragged back to the steamy, industrial caverns of the Buckstaff Bathhouse. Here, no aromatherapy candles, no ambient panpipes. Just the sound of water running over marble.

Buckstaff, which has operated continuously since 1912, offers some of the same historic “water cures” that health care seekers flocked to Hot Springs in the nation’s pre-penicillin days.

Over the next two hours, these linen-clad ladies will be soaked in private hot tubs, steamed in metal cabinets, needled by high-pressure showers, and filled with hot towels.

Buckstaff’s seven sister buildings along Bathhouse Row, all built over their own geothermal springs, now house everything from a boutique hotel with spring-fed tubs ( to the first craft brewery to open in a national park ( There’s even a modern spa ( Only two pure springs remain open to the public. See them natural behind the Maurice Bathhouse and on the Arlington Lawn.

To discover the fascinating history of the heyday of these steamy emporiums, head to the Fordyce Bathhouse, which now serves as the headquarters of the national park that grew up next to Hot Springs.

Between the golden age and the era of gangsters, hot water was considered medicine for everything from syphilis to poliomyelitis. And ranger-led tours of Fordyce juxtapose the building’s Art Nouveau opulence with mind-blowing tales of past hydrotherapies that put the “Ahhh!” in “spa”.

Beyond the public baths

Outside the marble walls, things get even crazier.

On a recent morning in June, the tree-lined Central Avenue – Hot Springs’ typical serene Main Street – became a water hazard zone. Ponchos are highly recommended. Mascara? A terrible miscalculation.


Spectators at Hot Spring’s annual Running of the Tubs blast competitors with super dunks as they walk past.

Soon, series of “stock baths”, i.e. decorated tubs on wheels, will be filled with water and run through by costumed teams. And everyone in town, it seems, lined up along the quarter-mile Running of the Tubs World Championship course to drench contestants, judges and hapless passers-by with super dunks. .

Big parties in Hot Springs tend to be “goofy,” according to tourism marketing manager Bill Solleder. “There must be something magical about the water,” he joked.

Other major annual events include the Güdrun Mountain Bike Festival, Spa-Con Celebration of All Comics, and the world’s shortest St. Patrick’s Day Parade. The latter crams floats, walking krewes, the world’s largest potato on wheels and famous grand marshals like Kevin Bacon and Bo Derek into a short 98ft route for a crowd of around 30,000 every March 17 .

Event weekends aside, visitors to Hot Springs will find plenty of downtown life.

Linked to the Malco Lounge, beloved local illusionist Maxwell Blade performs regularly in a beautifully renovated historic auditorium. And nearby, the Campy Central Theater serves as the home base for the Mid-South Drag Revue as well as sporadic burlesque performances, pole dancing showcases and screenings of cult films.


Maxine’s in downtown Hot Springs takes its name from the notorious madam who ran her business upstairs. Today, it offers craft cocktails and live music on the weekends.

Late at night, the plastic cup crowd migrates to the Starlite Club for black light dance parties. Craft cocktail fans could head to Maxine’s, named after the mink-loving madam of Spa City’s most notorious brothel. She ran her business on the top floor of the building.

And, of course, the oldest bar in Arkansas is a must.

In its more than a century of operation, the Ohio Club has gone through various stages of legality and served as home to vacationing gangsters like Lucky Luciano and Al Capone. These days, find live music, frozen martinis, and a neck and neck crowd on Friday and Saturday nights.

More mainstream attractions

For those who like their lace a little straighter, Hot Springs also offers less bizarre entertainment.


Bathhouse Soapery & Caldarium in downtown Hot Springs offers a staggering selection of homemade scented soaps and sundries.

On a sunny Sunday afternoon, a clerk inside Bathhouse Soapery and Caldarium stirs a bath bomb in a giant jug of water, dissolving it into a hill of delicious pastel bubbles. All around, colorful piles of bar soap and other homemade miscellaneous items scent the bright, airy space.

A stroll down Central Avenue is a choose-your-own, eclectic experience. Shoppers are as likely to find a store like this as Madame Toussaud’s. Specialty confectioneries and chic boutiques sit alongside kitschy gift shops and Zoltar machines.

Further afield, the Oaklawn Racing Casino Resort just kicked off a $100 million makeover that includes a new luxury hotel, more games and an extended racing season. Nearby, the 210-acre Garvan Woodland Gardens are positively transportable. Don’t miss the towering pine and glass Anthony Chapel or the nationally renowned Pine Wind Garden, where a winding path leads guests past scenic bridges and sparkling waterfalls.

And just past the edge of town is one of Hot Springs’ most unique experiences.


Ron Coleman Mining tours just outside of Hot Springs take visitors via a vintage army transport truck through its commercial crystal mining operation.

A dozen guests clad in sunscreen and sturdy shoes are crammed into the back of an old army transport truck, which slowly climbs the red hills of Ron Coleman Mining past massive machinery and rock pools. turquoise sewage. Here, pros work hard to harvest veins of crystalline quartz that formed here 300 million years ago thanks to the region’s unique geology.

Later, the group will dig through four acres of commercial mine tailings. “What you want to look for,” the tour guide confides, “is dirt that has the consistency of peanut butter.”

Whatever hidden gems customers find they can keep or sell, perhaps enough to fund the next vacation.

Do you have a favorite regional travel destination? Email Jessica Fender at

Considerations when planting wheat in dry soil Sat, 17 Sep 2022 18:40:53 +0000

The latest drought monitor has most of the western half of Ellis County listed as extreme drought, the rest of the county is severe except for the northeast corner as moderate drought. Most of Barton County is listed as moderate drought except for the northwest corner as severe.

As wheat planting approaches, growers are likely considering more than one option. They can choose to “sprinkle” the wheat at the normal seeding depth and normal planting date, and hope for rain. Some growers may consider planting it shallower than normal, but this could increase the potential for winterkill or frost. Planting wheat at the normal depth and hoping for rain is probably the best option where the soils are very dry. The seed will remain viable in the soil until it receives enough moisture.

NOAA’s long-term outlook for much of the western half of Kansas and all of the southern half to one-third of counties in the state is that the drought is expected to persist through late November.

There are three basic options for planting winter wheat in dry soils:

1. Plant as normal and expect rain, but due to current moderate to extreme drought conditions. Romulo Lollato, K-State wheat specialist, would advise growers to treat their fields as if they were planting later than the optimal time because the emergence date will likely be delayed. Rather than reducing seeding rates and fertilizers to save money on a lost cause, growers should increase seeding rates, consider using a fungicide seed treatment, and consider using a starter fertilizer at the phosphorus to improve early season development. However, growers should be careful with in-furrow nitrogen or potassium fertilizers, as these are salts and can make it more difficult for seeds/seedlings to absorb water needed for germination. The idea is to make sure the wheat gets off to a good start and will have enough ears to have good yield potential, assuming it will eventually rain and the crop will come up late. Wheat that emerges in October may still have full yield potential, but wheat that emerges in November almost always has fewer fall tillers and therefore may have reduced yield potential. Planting normally and hoping for rain. Two undesirable results could occur: crusting after heavy rain and soil erosion due to strong wind. Crusting and soil erosion are less likely in no-till situations than in conventionally tilled fields.

2. Wait for rain, then plant. If you choose to do this and plant later, the above recommendations for increasing seeding rates, consider using a fungicide seed treatment, and using a phosphorus starter fertilizer are advised.

3. Sow deeper to reach soil moisture. This will require the seedlings to push through more soil to emerge and absorb sunlight. Therefore, it is better to sow a variety with a long coleoptile (first leaf sheath). Since there may be plant losses, consideration should be given to increasing the seeding rate. It is recommended that winter wheat be planted no deeper than 3 inches.

Crop insurance considerations and lead times will play a role in these decisions. Another consideration is to delay most nitrogen application until spring cover time, since wheat does not need much nitrogen in the fall. This would delay expenditures until an acceptable wheat stand is assured.

Stacy Campbell is the Agriculture and Natural Resources Officer for the Cottonwood Extension District. Email him at or call Hays’ office at 785-628-9430.

Zara Tindall is the picture of dignity as she makes history at Queen’s Vigil | royal | New Sat, 17 Sep 2022 17:12:00 +0000

The siblings, whose parents are Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips, appeared alongside their six cousins ​​for the vigil held at Westminster Hall. Zara stood in the lower right corner of the queen’s coffin, while Peter stood in the lower left.

During the wake, Zara stood next to Prince Harry, at the base of the coffin, and Lady Louise Windsor, the daughter of the Earl and Countess of Wessex.

Meanwhile, Peter stood next to James, the younger brother of Viscount Severn and Lad Louise, on the other side of the Duke of Sussex.

Prince William led the royal party into the room where the Queen lies before her funeral, after three strokes from a soldier’s sword.

The royal family stood in near silence, watching the passage of members of the public.

At around 6:15 p.m., three more rounds of the sword were heard and the Queen’s grandchildren came out.

Princess Anne’s children were last seen in the Queen’s procession on Wednesday on her final journey from Buckingham Palace.

During the ceremony, Zara was spotted shooting her husband, former rugby player Mike Tindall, a ‘look’ as he appeared to break the silence that had settled during the service.

Mail on Sunday deputy editor Kate Mansey said: “As the procession got closer we obviously couldn’t see it in the hall but we could hear the bells ringing and the drums coming closer and closer. over and inside the room there was complete silence.

“There was a moment of levity as Mike Tindall cleared his throat and Zara kind of gave him a look.”

The Queen’s grandchildren followed in the footsteps of their parents, who held a powerful vigil of a similar nature on Friday evening.

King Charles, the Princess Royal, Prince Andrew and the Earl of Wessex took part in the vigil as members of the public slowly filed past them.

Queues to view the Queen’s coffin as it lies in Westminster state have been miles long, with massive waits to enter.

King Charles and Prince William surprised royal mourners today as they made an impromptu stop near Lambeth Bridge to meet people in the queue.

Princes’ wakes are occasions when members of the royal family stand guard by a deceased monarch during their time in state.

This has happened before for King George V in 1936 and the Queen Mother in 2002 – but both occurrences only featured male members.

Zara, along with Lady Louise and Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, made history tonight as the first granddaughter to stand guard.

Fewell plant nearly closed in July as city leaders squabbled over how to pay for chemicals, emails show Sat, 17 Sep 2022 00:37:00 +0000

JACKSON, Miss. (WLBT) – A water plant that state leaders have called a “workhorse” for its performance during Jackson’s water crisis nearly failed this summer after city officials couldn’t agree on how to pay for the extra process chemicals needed to make it work.

Emails obtained by WLBT show that the JH Fewell water treatment plant was at risk of being shut down on July 27, not just because of a lack of chemicals, but because city leaders didn’t couldn’t come to an agreement on how to pay more.

Alum is used to treat turbidity or turbidity in water. When the alum drops to a certain level in the reservoirs, the pumps stop working, explained former deputy director of water operations Mary Carter.

Carter said she tried to notify the administration of the issue a week before the near-shutdown, but to no avail.

“We were arguing, back and forth, for them to give us money,” she said. “It’s up to finance to determine where the money should come from. The only thing I could tell them was that we were short of funds.

At the time, the city had $4,900 left in the chemical station at the Fewell plant. It would take $150,000 to purchase the additional supply.

Carter informed Deputy Director of Administration Sharon Thames of the need for more money on July 19. In an email, she explained why some funds were tied up and could not be used to purchase chemicals for the rest of the year.

“I did my part by requesting the requested funds. If you and others think aquatic plants can do without the elements mentioned, so be it,” Carter wrote.

It wasn’t until July 27 that Carter was told by tax agent Erica Thomas that $150,000 could be transferred from two other positions to make the purchase.

Thomas’ email came about an hour after Carter emailed members of the administration warning them that the plant was just hours away from closing. “Has the money been transferred? she asked. “The well system will have to be closed tonight. CORRECTION: JH Fewell factory to close.

She says the funds were transferred, an emergency order was written, and the alum was trucked out that night, “I think around 7 or 8 a.m.,” she said. .

Fewell is Jackson’s secondary surface water treatment plant, located at the bend of the aqueduct. The facility is licensed to process up to 20 million gallons of water per day.

Jim Craig, senior deputy and director of health protection at the Mississippi State Department of Health, called the plant a workhorse, for its ability to ramp up production while the main plant is being repaired. of the city, OB Curtis.

Former public works director Marlin King blamed the near-shutdown on Carter, who was seeking an additional $2 million in stipends to get through the rest of the budget year. He said that request didn’t “add up”.

“We’re starting to shut things down in July… Outside of emergency items, we’ve pretty much started to shut down so we can change budget years. So the question was, ‘how much money do you need to spend the next two months?’ “, did he declare. “We were told she needed almost $2 million. So the Administration Department, they said, ‘That doesn’t fit.’

Jackson’s fiscal year runs from October 1 through September 30 of the following year. For the current fiscal year, the city council has allocated $1,050,000 for chemicals for the century-old plant, 15% less than the department spent in 2021.

Fewell plant chemical budget from 2017 to 2022 Budgeted amount Amount spent
2017 $1,212,900 $883,776
2018 $1,242,900 $991,753
2019 $1,212,900 $1,013,956
2020 $1,229,400 $1,216,478
2021 $1,050,000 $1,184,407
2022 $1,050,000 Total unknown

“If you did it with that certain amount of money, if we average what you spent on that chemical over the last nine months, why do you suddenly need $2 million?” said the king. “If you look, there should be an email exchange with Terrence Byrd, where because he’s over the Fewell factory, he fixed it, which is what they really needed, [and it was] about $150,000 to see them through to the end of the year.

Carter said $1,528,053.48 had been spent on chemicals through July 2022, including nearly $341,000 in encumbered money, or funds that have been set aside, but not yet paid, for the products. chemicals he had already received.

King resigned this week, about two weeks after we reported he had been demoted as Director of Public Works. He held a deputy position until his resignation.

Acting Director of Public Works Jordan Hillman said she would not comment on past events but said steps were being taken to ensure a similar incident did not happen again. Among the steps, she is working to improve communications between crews at the city’s two surface water treatment plants, as well as between plant officials and the city’s budget office.

She will also do a thorough review of the budget for the coming year to see what changes, if any, need to be made. “Unfortunately, it was already basically done before I took on this role, but I intend, in the first month of the budget year, to go and review it, to make sure that it is good and get back to the board,” Hillman said. “We also have the ability to move money within categories without going through the board. So if it’s in my supplies category…I can transfer it back and forth.

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A manifesto to save the world’s coral gardens (commentary) Fri, 16 Sep 2022 19:09:13 +0000
  • Coral reefs cover less than 3% of the ocean but contain a quarter of all marine life. After tropical rainforests, they are the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth.
  • Fifty of the world’s top scientists recently set out a roadmap to save the world’s coral reefs.
  • With urgent climate action and following this roadmap, these oases of beauty can conserve essential marine biodiversity and provide a lifeline for coastal communities into the next century and beyond, according to a new editorial.
  • This post is a comment. The opinions expressed are those of the authors, not necessarily of Mongabay.

If you’ve been following major news stories about climate change in recent years, you might think that coral reefs are disappearing. Global warming is causing more frequent bleaching events, making it increasingly difficult for reefs around the world to recover between warm water inflows. Australia’s iconic Great Barrier Reef has been particularly affected and some predictions indicate that coral reefs will be gone by the end of the century.

Coral reefs cover less than 3% of the ocean but contain a quarter of all marine life. After tropical rainforests, they are the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth. Without reefs, the more than one billion people around the world who depend on coral reefs for food, fish and livelihoods would be devastated. The world simply cannot afford coral reefs to disappear. We urgently need an ambitious plan to reverse the trend of losses.

We now have one. This year, more than 50 world-renowned scientists from more than 30 government, non-profit and academic institutions launched a series of six white papers: An Investment Plan to Save the World’s Coral Reefs – and with them the food, livelihoods and coastal resources. protection they provide.

Coral reef research in Fiji. Image courtesy of Emily Darling/WCS.

Researchers first identified where coral reefs can survive climate change. A portfolio of over 50 climate-resilient coral reefs has been identified worldwide where unique depths or cooler ocean currents have shielded reefs from the worst impacts of climate change. These coral reef sanctuaries, if well conserved and managed, have the best chance of survival in a changing world.

Now that we have found them, we must focus international efforts and investments on safeguarding these resilient biodiversity hotspots. The six white papers, on governance, small-scale fisheries and nutrition, finance, health and water quality, science and climate policy, give essential recommendations on what to do next.

To reduce stress on ecosystems, not just the corals themselves, the intensity of various threats must be reduced so that they have a better chance of surviving the impacts of climate change. For example, forestry management in nearby watersheds is important to reduce runoff of sediments and pollutants that damage both reefs and local communities.

Fisheries must also be carefully managed so that they can sustain local reef-dependent populations, but without unbalancing the sensitive systems on which the fisheries rely. There must be sustainable funding pipelines to fund effective management, decisions must be based on the best available science, and climate policy must support coral reefs.

It is extremely important to center people in everything we do.

Conservation efforts must translate into benefits for people so that they support those efforts and ultimately become stewards of nature and the resources and services it provides. We must take a human rights-based approach to conservation, reconstruction and strengthening of local institutions to empower indigenous peoples, local communities and rights holders.

See related: New DNA test helps tackle illegal trade in red coral

coral reef in indonesia
Coral reef in Indonesia. Photo by Beth Watson/Ocean Image Bank.

When people have a voice at the table and are invited to co-create management, changes can be more sustainable and equitable. Conversations about coral reef foods, for example, will naturally come to find a better balance between fisheries sustainability and local nutrition and development needs.

We are currently in a unique window of opportunity. At this year’s international political summits, we have a unique opportunity to declare coral reefs a top priority by adopting global goals for their conservation. Once these goals are adopted and the new “30×30” global deal is reached, we will need a new approach to fund international conservation and data-driven action on a massive and unprecedented scale. We also need this funding to last not just for a year or two, but in perpetuity.

The 30×30 initiative is a commitment of more than 100 countries at the next meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to be held in Montreal in December. These countries, and hopefully many more, commit to protecting at least 30% of their lands and seas by 2030. What constitutes protection is hotly debated right now . Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) believes that gaining the support of local communities is essential and therefore a range of designations are needed, such as Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures (OECMs), not just Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). ) more strictly protected.

On top of all this, we must advance action to reduce the main threat to every ecosystem and every species on Earth: climate change. Coral reefs need the planet to warm below 1.5°C to stay alive.

Barrier Reef in Raja Ampat, Indonesia.  Photo by Beth Watson/Ocean Image Bank.
Barrier Reef in Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Photo by Beth Watson/Ocean Image Bank.

This plan provided by the white papers proves that there is a future for coral reefs in our warming world. This will require careful planning, empowerment and support of indigenous peoples and local communities, strategic science, sustained attention to impact measurement, long-term financial resources and a global conservation strategy, but it will can be done.

With urgent climate action and following this roadmap, these oases of beauty can conserve essential marine biodiversity and provide a lifeline for coastal communities into the next century and beyond.

Simon Cripps is executive director of marine conservation at WCS. Emily Darling is WCS Director of Coral Reef Conservation.

Related reading:

Scientists are developing an AI that can listen to the pulse of a reef being restored

Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change And Coral Reefs, Commentary, Conservation, Coral Bleaching, Coral Reefs, Green, Marine Biodiversity, Marine Conservation, Marine Ecosystems, Marine Protected Areas, Oceans, Research

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The Post’s fall seeding tips for Johnson County lawns Fri, 16 Sep 2022 16:07:30 +0000

It’s that time of year again, in Johnson County: fall planting time, when local lawn mavens seek to rehabilitate their gardens from the stresses of summer and prepare for a green growth next spring.

The Post, as it has done in the past, recently spoke with Dennis Patton, Master Extension Gardener at Johnson County K State Extension Officefor tips on how homeowners can landscape their lawns for success this fall.

Whether you’re a first-time homeowner or just looking for reminders on seasonal lawn care, here are Patton’s tips that might make your lawn the envy of the neighborhood.

Johnson County Fall Seeding Questions Answered

Fall is a time when you overseed your lawn to help it recover from the hot, dry summer and prepare it for next spring’s growth. Photo credit Kyle Palmer.

When is the best time to sow in the fall?

Typically, it’s September, Patton said.

  • With warm, sunny days and cool nights, and (usually) more frequent rains, it’s a good environment for seeds to germinate quickly, he said.
  • While you might not see much peak growth from September to early December, he said, warm soil temperatures are ideal for “the internal system,” like root development, that supports growth. long-term maximum, he said.

What kind of seeds should I buy?

There are two types of seed that are best suited to the Kansas City-area climate, Patton said: Kentucky bluegrass and tall fescue.

  • There are also several varieties of each type of grass, he said.
  • Nurseries usually sell a mix of seeds, he said, because different varieties are more immune to different problems like disease or drought.

How many seeds do I need?

For owners this year, what you should actually do is supervised your lawn, says Patton.

  • Putting in some extra grass seed will help recover dry, patchy spots on our lawn before winter.
  • For overseeding, Patton said that would mean about four pounds of tall fescue per 1,000 square feet or lawn and about 2 pounds of Kentucky bluegrass per 1,000 square feet.

How much and how often should I water for seedlings?

Before overseeding or reseeding your lawn, you want to make sure the soil is moist, Patton said.

  • After spreading the seed, he said, lightly water the lawn again to account for any evaporation.
  • The goal is to ensure that the lawn remains moist – not necessarily soaked – at all times.

Should I aerate my lawn before sowing?

Aeration is good, but the best method is to use a verticutter, Patton said.

  • A verticutter is a tool with a row of saw blades spaced about an inch apart, which slice through the soil and create a seedbed.
  • This allows the seeds to come into direct contact with the soil, which is essential for germination, Patton said.
  • Aeration also works, but it won’t give homeowners an even lawn like the vertical cut, he said.

And fertilization?

Patton said people should fertilize at the same time they lay the seed, because “the whole point is to get the grass to grow as fast and as vigorously as possible.”

  • This will help create an established lawn, which can then better withstand weather conditions.
  • A follow-up fertilizer treatment can be done about a month after overseeding, Patton said.
  • Most nurseries sell fertilizer to accompany grass seed.

How long before you see results?

It depends on the type of seed you buy, Patton said.

  • An established lawn created from tall fescue could take about seven to 10 days to sprout and start growing.
  • Kentucky bluegrass can take about two weeks to become established, he said.
  • Anyone with additional questions can contact the extension office’s hotline for free, Patton said.
  • The number is (913) 715-7050.